So you’ve loaded Minecraft and are on the main menu. Let’s start with the Options menu.

Options Menu

main options
  • Music: set the volume of music in the game with the slider.
  • Sound: set the volume of sounds the game, including sounds from monsters, water, and etc. It’s best to have sound enabled because you will be alerted when a monster is nearby by hearing its sound.
  • Invert Mouse: you know how when you move the mouse up your character looks up and moving it down makes your character face downwards? This setting reverses that function.
  • FOV (Field of View): set how much area you can see with your “camera”. Use the slider to set how much area you are willing to see by sacrificing some depth perception. You should set it higher if you’ve got a widescreen display, otherwise keep it around 75 to 90.
  • Sensitivity: set how sensitive your mouse is (relative to your camera) when you look around by using the slider.
  • Difficulty: set how difficult the game is. There are four different settings:

  1. Peaceful: no enemies will spawn. You will always regenerate health and won’t lose any hunger. One of the few ways to die is to get one shotted by jumping off a super elevated area and smacking the ground, so this mode is perfect for beginners who need to learn more about the game mechanics.
  2. Easy: monsters will spawn, but they deal less damage than in the normal difficulty. The distance you’d have to move to cancel a Creeper’s explosion is smaller. Most importantly, if your hunger bar is depleted, your health will only drain to five hearts instead of half of a heart. Also, cave spiders won’t poison you.
  3. Normal: monsters will spawn with normal damage, and your health will drain to half a heart if your hunger bar is depleted.
  4. Hard: monsters will spawn with more damage, and your health will drain until you die if your hunger bar is depleted. The distance required to cancel a Creeper’s explosion is greater than in normal mode. Additionally, zombies can break through wooden doors.
  • Touchscreen Mode: Enable or disable touch screen functionality. Probably best to leave this off, even if you are using a touchscreen enabled device since there is no way to perform a right-click.

You can see that there are more settings to choose from. Next, let’s check out the Video Settings.

Video Settings

video settings

Please keep in mind that using settings that improve your graphics will likely cause lag on lower end PCs. Keep the settings to a minimum if you experience lag.

  • Graphics: set your graphics to either Fast or Fancy. The Fast setting is best used for lower end PCs. The Fancy setting makes the graphics look better, and adds other minor effects such as being able to see through leaves.
  • Render Distance: sets how far you can see (depth, not field of vision). The higher the distance, the more things are rendered for you to see.
  • Smooth Lighting: set this higher if you want light to appear less blocky and more like a gradient. Otherwise, it will appear more like fragments the lower this is set.
  • Performance: Max FPS is recommended. This setting will limit the frames per second (FPS) using three different modes:
  1. Power saver: 35 FPS limit
  2. Balanced: 120 FPS limit
  3. Max FPS: No FPS limit
  • 3D Anaglyph: turns Minecraft into 3D mode. You’ll need a pair of 3D glasses to see its effect.
  • View Bobbing: turning this on will bob your camera up and down when you’re moving, which many people find to add a realistic element to the game.
  • GUI Scale: set how big or small your graphical user interface (GUI) is, such as your menus and health bar.
  • Advanced OpenGL: this setting will only work on certain cards that have OpenGL enabled. It’s best to do trial and error with this setting to see if it helps your FPS or not.
  • Brightness: using the default setting “Moody” is generally okay. However, depending on the PC, the display may be too dark, so players may need to raise the brightness using the slider.
  • Clouds: leaving this option on is preferred to add realism into the game, but some players turn it off to reduce lag.
  • Particles: set the amount of particles rendered. The more particles rendered, the more likely lag will occur.
  • Server Textures: if playing multiplayer on a server, turning this option on will load the server’s texture packs. Otherwise, Minecraft will use your default texture pack.
  • Fullscreen: generally best to turn fullscreen on, but if you experience lag, leaving it off may help.
  • Use Vsync: turning this setting on will match your FPS with your display’s refresh rate. Turn it on if you experience screen tearing.

After you’re done messing with these settings, obviously click on “Done” to return to the Options menu and we’ll take a look at the Controls from there.


controls settings
  • Attack: (Button 1 is left-click) makes your character attack, or mine depending on how you look at it.
  • Use Item: (Button 2 is right-click) will make your character use whatever item is out. Most of the time, it will be used to place a block down, but it has some other uses depending on what item is used.
  • Forward, Back, Left, Right: standard W,S,A,D movement, where left is strafe left and right is strafe right. Double tapping your forward key will make your character sprint (drains your hunger bar faster). If you prefer another setup to move around, you can change it here.
  • Jump: obviously makes your character jump, which is useful to travel to higher ground and move over broken land. The distance jumped can be increased by sprinting before jumping.
  • Sneak: by default it’s set to the left shift key. This makes your character slower, but makes it so your character can’t fall of the edge of a block. It’s useful to avoid accidentally falling into your death.
  • Drop: drop whatever item is currently in use. Useful when your inventory is full or if you simply don’t need or want an item. If dropping large stacks of items, it’s best to manually throw them away from your inventory manually by left-clicking the stacked items and then clicking out of your inventory.
  • Inventory: opens your character’s inventory. All of your items on your character plus your 2×2 crafting table can be accessed here.
  • Chat: (Multiplayer) you can chat with other players. Simply press the assigned button, type what you want to say, then press enter to send your message.
  • List Players: (Multiplayer) view all the players currently in the same game as you by holding down this button. Pressing this button while chatting will list commands.
  • Pick Block: (Button 3 is mouse wheel click) chooses an item to use from your hotbar. Generally best to leave it as Button 3, as scrolling your mouse wheel will highlight the item to be used.
  • Command: this button will open the chat with “/” already there (commands always start with “/”). This is basically a quicker way to send a command compared to opening the chat and then typing in “/”.

You’re done with the important settings for Minecraft, but you may still want to take a look at the rest of the stuff in the Optins menu.


If you prefer a different language, click on the “Language” button to see a list of available languages. Click on the one you want and be done with it. Be careful when selecting a language you don’t really understand, since it might be hard to change it back to English if you can’t understand what the text says!

Multiplayer Settings

multiplayer settings

Obviously, these settings only apply when you’re playing online on a server.

  • Chat: sets how your chat functions. You have three different options.
  1. Shown: the default setting where you will see the chat between other players and yourself. Full chat functionality.
  2. Commands Only: you can still see the chat between other players, but you will only be able to send commands.
  3. Hidden: you won’t be able to chat and you can’t see the chat between other players.
  • Colors: turn colored text on or off.
  • Web Links: enable or disable clickable links to websites in the chat.
  • Opacity: set the chat’s opacity using the slider (makes it see through). Useful to decrease in a server with a lot of chatter.
  • Prompt on Links: if enabled, Minecraft will ask if you are sure you want to go to the website (if web links are on).
  • Scale: set how big or small your chat is using the slider.
  • Focused Height: set the chat’s height when you press the chat button.
  • Unfocused Height: set the chat’s height when you aren’t chatting.
  • Width: set the chat’s width.
  • Show Cape: enable or disable whether or not you see other players’ capes.

Texture Packs

Many players prefer different “graphics” for Minecraft, or texture packs. In the Texture Packs menu you can select which one you want to apply. Please note that you need to download additional texture packs since only the standard texture pack is included by default. Also, you must place the texture pack files in the folder that is opened when you click on “Open texture pack folder”.

Snooper Settings

Mojang, the company that owns Minecraft, wants to collect data from players in order to improve the game. Please turn Allow Snooper on (this setting is on by default) so that the Minecraft developers can come up with better versions in the future.

After you’ve set the options to your liking, it’s time to start a survival single-player game. Return to the main menu.

[NEXT] Singleplayer